Jane Piper was born in Philadelphia in 1916, daughter of a Physician. Piper first became aware of her interest in art at the early age of nine while in France. Upon returning to the United States, Piper began taking painting lessons. Piper was influenced by an exhibition of works by Hugh Breckenridge and later studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts with Daniel Garber. Piper also studied with Hans Hofmann in Provincetown in 1941, with Earl Horter and Arthur Carles, and at the Barnes Foundation. Piper taught painting and drawing at the Philadelphia Museum of Art in the mid-1950s, and at the Philadelphia College of Art from 1956-1985. Piper's first solo exhibition was held in 1943 at the Robert Carlen Gallery in Philadelphia. Piper’s work was also exhibited in New York City, and at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts Annuals from 1945-1968. Piper is often recognized as one of Philadelphia’s foremost female abstract painters, known for her abstract still lifes and use of colorful brushstrokes. Her works are in the collections of the Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Carnegie Museum of Art, Woodmere Art Museum, Brooklyn Museum, National Academy of Design, Phillips Collection, and the Corcoran Gallery.